While there are many who feel that the Bible has "borrowed" certain traditions and philosophies from other ancient pagan religions, its contents simply don't resemble that notion. The Bible is not presented in the ways that other ancient works are, and its contents are dated well before most of those ancient works anyway. One of the major differences that the Bible has from other ancient works is that it presents itself as a historical authority. The Bible contains narratives in which the author seeks to explain events that they believe were historical events that they were witness to. The Bible contains dates and time references, as well as genealogies that help readers understand that its contents are truth.
In Genesis 10:1-32 the Bible contains what has generally been referred to as "the table of nations." Some people wonder how human beings populated the earth after the flood, and how people got from one end of the world to the other end. Genesis 10:1-32 provides a good amount of detail to explain some of these things. The table of nations is the genealogical record of the sons of Noah - Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Genesis 10:1-32 describes the sons that each person had, which proves to be very helpful concerning how the world was repopulated. Since most cities and regions used to be named after the people who first settled in those areas, the names provided in the Bible help show where people came from and where they went.
It is good to know that the details in the Bible concerning the table of nations match much of secular history as well concerning the archeological finds and ideas based on early civilizations in Mesopotamia and the surrounding regions. Though archeologists and historians have made tremendous discoveries over the years to provide insights into early settlement life on this planet, the Bible said it first! Genesis 10:1-32 explains how the coast land and island people got to where they are. Genesis 10:1-32 explains how Europe, the Asian continent, Africa, and even the Americas were populated. Upon studying the names provided in the genealogies, and tracing where these individuals settled, it is amazing to see a pattern emerge. As the ark rested in the area of modern-day Turkey in the mountains of Ararat, the people literally spread out just as God desired. Since the flood would have likely caused an ice age, though only in less than a third of the earth in the north, the access would have been available for people to migrate from one part of the planet to the other.
The scriptures found in Genesis 10:1-32 focus mainly on the population of the Middle East and northern Africa. The interesting thing about this is that the people who have lived in these regions have stayed in those areas for the most part. Thus, the people that live there today are relatively the same people who lived there in Genesis 10:1-32, only with slightly different names to identify them as people groups. The people who populate most of the areas listed in the table of nations help verify that the Bible's contents are true, and also help confirm that the author's intent was to provide historical references through his writings.
In the middle of Genesis 10:1-32 the scriptures make mention of a man named Nimrod. The scriptures explain that he is the son of Cush, who is the son of Ham. Genesis 10:1-32 changes when Nimrod is mentioned to provide an extra set of details regarding Nimrod. While these details are not extensive, they are rich enough to show that humanity continued in its wicked ways. Nimrod was explained as a powerful hunter who sought to build kingdoms for himself. He was successful in building the kingdom of Babylon, and the city of Nineveh is attributed to him as well. There is much secular information provided in regards to Nimrod that match the description of the Bible. The affects of Nimrod's exploits are more details in Genesis chapter 11. This is important to mention because the aspirations and work of Nimrod had such a monumental affect on the world that God is still dealing with the affects of the work Satan did through Nimrod today. The work of Nimrod is mentioned in the Book of Revelation showing that, while God desired one thing, the devil was still very active the world to cause people to rebel against Him. Though the world was repopulated and filled according to God's will, God's will did not come without opposition. Thankfully, as the Bible continually reveals, God's will is always done, no matter the opposition. The fact that the world is filled with people today, just as God desired, is a testament to that truth!